Study Tour on Institutional and Legislative Framework in Wastewater and Solid Waste Sector in Malaysia and Thailand

Created on 06 June 2012 Print Email

From 14 to 20 May, 2012, a study tour on institutional and legislative framework for wastewater and solid waste to Malaysia and Thailand was organized for management and officials from relevant departments of the Ministry of Construction, Ministry of Planning and Investment and the Government Office. This is part of GIZ support to MoC in improvements of legal framework for wastewater sector including the review and amendments of the Decree 88 on drainage and sewerage in urban areas and industrial zones.Meeting_at_DSDMeeting at the Department of Drainage and Sewerage, BMA

During the whole week, the Delegation from Vietnam visited and had working sessions with regulators as well as operators of wastewater and solid waste sector, including: the National Water Services Commission (SPAN) under the Ministry of Energy, Green Technology and Water, the Department of National Solid Waste Management under the Ministry of Housing and Local Government, Indah Water Konsortium (IWK) – Malaysia; Office of Natural Resources and Environmental Policy and Planning, Pollution Control Department, Wastewater Management Authority under the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, the Department of Drainage and Sewerage under the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration.

Meeting_at_IWKMeeting at Cyberjaya WWTP In Malaysia, the Vietnamese Delegation were provided with knowledge about the water sector transformation and reforms taking place in this country since 2007 with the introduction of Water Services Industry Act (Act 655) and the National Water Services Commission Act (Act 654) – the basic formation of legal framework for the water and wastewater sector in Malaysia. Furthermore, the Delegation had discussions with SPAN and IWK on wastewater management models, investment, wastewater tariffs, standards, IEC campaigns… The Delegation also had an overview of the solid waste management in Malaysia and the Solid Waste Management and Public Cleansing Act 2007 (Act 672).

Meeting_at_SPAN_smallMeeting at SPAN, MalaysiaIn Thailand, the Delegation listened to presentations on overview of wastewater and solid waste management, legal framework, policies and regulations such as the Environmental Quality Management Plan 2012-2016, Provincial Action Plan for Environmental Management, Enhancement and Conservation of National Environmental Quality Act 1992… They also had discussions on wastewater standards, private sector participation, decentralized wastewater treatment plants, investment models, flood control… In addition to the meetings, they paid a technical visit to the King’s Royally Initiated Laem Phak Bia Environmental Research and Development Project in Petchaburi Province which is one of the best practices in Thailand in the sense that it has successfully applied research results into application through the nature-heals-nature mechanism.

The study tour was a successful and rewarding event. It helped enhancing the knowledge of the participants about the wastewater and solid waste sector status in the neighbouring countries, especially their institutional and legislative framework, policies, their success stories and how they have made their successes. In addition, it laid the foundation and strengthened the cooperation among the regulators of wastewater and solid waste in Vietnam, Malaysia and Thailand and facilitated experiences sharing among them in the future. In the short term, the results of the study tour would contribute to the review and adaption of Decree No. 88 on drainage and sewerage in urban areas and industrial zones as well as the Decree No. 59 on solid waste management by the Ministry of Construction this year.

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