The technical cooperation programme is based on a multi-level approach:

• at national level, the programme supports the MoC with policy advise and advocacy for the development and improvement of the wastewater sector;

• at provincial level, the Provincial People’s Committees (PPCs) are advised on establishing a regulatory framework to effectively implement national policies according to local conditions;

• at local level, the wastewater management companies are provided with capacity building and training programmes through the Viet Nam Water Supply and Sewerage Association. This involves the design of a needs-based supply of technical expertise and management for competencies development and the improvement of knowledge management in the wastewater sector.